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Category: Liver cancer

NHS Refuse To Offer Drug Because Of Costs

Brown & Cream Image Depicting 'NHS' wording on typewriter paper. Image Credit: PhotoFunia.com
Brown & Cream Image Depicting ‘NHS’ wording on typewriter paper. Image Credit: PhotoFunia.com

Welsh Women Denied ‘Life-Changing’ Breast Cancer Drug: A Human Rights Perspective

In a disheartening development, women in Wales are being denied access to a potentially life-saving breast cancer drug, which can halt the spread of the disease. This decision has sparked outrage and concerns about the implications for human rights and equality under the law.

The Drug in Question

The drug, known for its efficacy in preventing the progression of advanced breast cancer, has been hailed as a “game-changer” by oncologists and patients alike. It works by targeting specific cancer cells, reducing the chance of metastasis, and thereby significantly improving the quality of life and survival rates for patients.

The Situation in Wales

Unlike in other parts of the UK, where this drug is available through the National Health Service (NHS), Welsh health authorities have yet to approve its routine use. This disparity has left many Welsh women feeling abandoned and desperate, forced to either seek expensive private treatment or forego the medication altogether.

Human Rights Concerns

The denial of this drug raises serious human rights issues. According to the European Convention on Human Rights, to which the UK is a signatory, everyone has the right to life and access to healthcare. By withholding a proven and effective treatment, the Welsh health system is potentially violating these rights.

Furthermore, Article 2 of the Human Rights Act 1998 enshrines the right to life, placing a duty on public authorities to take appropriate steps to safeguard lives. Denying access to this drug could be seen as a failure to uphold this duty, especially when the treatment is readily available elsewhere in the UK.

Equality Act 2010

The Equality Act 2010 aims to eliminate discrimination and promote equality of opportunity. The current situation may contravene this act, as it results in unequal access to essential healthcare based on geographic location. Women in Wales are at a distinct disadvantage compared to their counterparts in England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, leading to health inequalities that are both unjust and avoidable.

The Way Forward

Campaigners are calling for immediate action to rectify this inequality. They argue that Welsh health authorities must prioritize the approval and funding of this drug to ensure that all women, regardless of where they live, have equal access to potentially life-saving treatments.

The NHS is Breaching Human Rights and Dignity:

  • Denying life-saving treatment may violate a patient’s right to life and dignity.
  • The European Convention on Human Rights recognizes the right to life (Article 2) and prohibits inhuman or degrading treatment (Article 3)

Patients and advocacy groups are urging the Welsh government to:

  1. Expedite Approval: Accelerate the review and approval process for this drug to ensure it becomes available without further delay.
  2. Ensure Funding: Allocate necessary funds to make this treatment accessible through the NHS in Wales.
  3. Promote Awareness: Increase awareness among healthcare providers and patients about the availability and benefits of this drug.


The denial of a life-changing breast cancer drug to Welsh women highlights significant gaps in the healthcare system, raising critical issues related to human rights and equality. Addressing these concerns promptly is not only a matter of fairness but also a legal and moral imperative. Ensuring equal access to essential healthcare treatments is fundamental to upholding the principles of justice and human dignity.

Thousands of women in England and Wales are being denied access to a potentially life-saving breast cancer drug, which has been shown to reduce the risk of advanced cancer spreading by over a third. This revolutionary medication, Enhertu, is available to patients with HER2-low breast cancer in Scotland and Northern Ireland. However, in a contentious decision, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has not approved its use in England or Wales. There is compelling evidence indicating that trastuzumab deruxtecan, the drug’s full name, can prolong life and delay disease progression.

When the NHS denies any treatment proven to be effective due to cost, whether it is for breast cancer or other forms of cancer, it must consider the broader financial implications. While the immediate expense of providing such treatments may seem prohibitive, the long-term costs of potential legal actions could be far greater. Patients denied access to life-saving medications may pursue legal claims, leading to substantial payouts that could run into millions. Therefore, investing in these treatments upfront might not only save lives but also prevent significant legal and financial repercussions for the NHS in the future.

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Princess of Wales Announces Cancer Diagnosis: A Royal Family in Crisis

In a deeply shocking revelation, Buckingham Palace has disclosed that Princess of Wales, Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, is undergoing treatment for cancer. The news has sent shockwaves through the royal family and beyond, prompting an outpouring of support and concern from people around the world.

The announcement, made through official channels, has stunned many who have admired Princess Catherine for her grace, poise, and dedication to her royal duties. While specific details about the type and stage of her cancer have not been disclosed, the seriousness of the diagnosis has underscored the indiscriminate nature of the disease and its ability to affect individuals from all walks of life.

Princess Catherine, known for her philanthropic work, commitment to mental health advocacy, and role as a devoted wife and mother, has long been regarded as a pillar of strength within the royal family. Her battle with cancer represents a new and formidable challenge, one that will undoubtedly test her resilience and courage.

Adding to the gravity of the situation is the revelation that King Charles, the heir to the throne and Princess Catherine’s father-in-law, has also been diagnosed with cancer. The dual diagnoses have cast a shadow over the royal family, raising questions about the future of the monarchy and the health of its key members.

As Princess Catherine and King Charles embark on their respective journeys of treatment and recovery, the royal family finds itself facing an unprecedented period of uncertainty and concern. The health of two of its most prominent members has brought into sharp focus the fragility of life and the importance of cherishing each moment.

Despite the challenges they face, both Princess Catherine and King Charles have shown remarkable resilience and determination in confronting their diagnoses. Their courage in the face of adversity serves as an inspiration to millions, offering hope and encouragement to those who may find themselves in similar circumstances.

As the royal family rallies around Princess Catherine and King Charles, offering their unwavering support and love, the world watches with bated breath, hoping for positive outcomes and a swift recovery for both individuals. In times of crisis, it is the strength of community and the bonds of family that provide solace and support, and nowhere is this more evident than within the close-knit circle of the monarchy.

In the days and weeks ahead, the focus will remain on supporting Princess Catherine and King Charles as they navigate the challenges of their respective treatments. The outpouring of support and well-wishes from around the world is a testament to the enduring respect and admiration that both individuals command, and a reminder of the power of unity and compassion in the face of adversity.

Cancer Support Groups and Charities

Support groups and charities play a crucial role in providing assistance, guidance, and solace to individuals and families affected by cancer in the UK. These organizations offer a wide range of services, including emotional support, practical advice, financial assistance, and access to resources for treatment and recovery. Here are some prominent support groups and charities dedicated to supporting those affected by cancer:

  1. Macmillan Cancer Support: Website: https://www.macmillan.org.uk/ Macmillan Cancer Support is one of the largest cancer support charities in the UK. They offer a comprehensive range of services, including information and support centers, financial guidance, counseling services, and practical assistance such as help at home and transport to appointments.
  2. Cancer Research UK: Website: https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/ Cancer Research UK is a leading charity dedicated to funding research, providing information, and offering support to those affected by cancer. Their website provides valuable resources on cancer prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as information on how to get involved in fundraising and volunteering.
  3. Maggie’s: Website: https://www.maggies.org/ Maggie’s offers practical, emotional, and social support to people with cancer and their families and friends. They provide a network of centers across the UK where people can access support from healthcare professionals, join support groups, and take part in various activities and workshops.
  4. Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation: Website: https://www.roycastle.org/ The Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation is dedicated to supporting those affected by lung cancer. They offer information and support services, fund research into the disease, and campaign for better awareness and treatment options for lung cancer patients.
  5. Breast Cancer Now: Website: https://breastcancernow.org/ Breast Cancer Now is the UK’s largest breast cancer charity, providing support services, funding research, and campaigning for improved care and treatment for breast cancer patients. They offer a range of support services, including a helpline, online community, and information resources.
  6. Teenage Cancer Trust: Website: https://www.teenagecancertrust.org/ The Teenage Cancer Trust is dedicated to improving the lives of young people with cancer aged 13 to 24. They provide specialist cancer units within hospitals, support services tailored to young people’s needs, and opportunities for social interaction and peer support.

These organizations, along with many others across the UK, work tirelessly to provide vital support and assistance to individuals and families affected by cancer. Whether through fundraising, volunteering, or accessing their services, those facing cancer can find comfort and guidance in the compassionate care provided by these charities.

Further Reading:

#princessofwales #princesscatherine #kingcharles #cancer #cancersupport #chemotheraphy

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Understanding the Liver and the Lifesaving Potential of Liver Transplants

Understanding the Liver and the Lifesaving Potential of Liver Transplants

The liver is a remarkable organ that plays a crucial role in maintaining our overall health and well-being. Located in the upper right side of the abdomen, the liver is responsible for performing various vital functions, including detoxification, metabolism, and the production of essential proteins. Unfortunately, certain diseases and conditions can compromise the liver’s functionality, leading to serious health issues. In such cases, liver transplantation emerges as a lifesaving option, offering hope and a new lease on life for those in need.

I. The Liver: A Multifunctional Powerhouse

The liver is the largest internal organ in the human body and is involved in a multitude of functions that are essential for maintaining a healthy body. Some of the key functions of the liver include:

  1. Metabolism: The liver plays a central role in metabolizing nutrients from the food we consume, regulating blood sugar levels, and producing energy.
  2. Detoxification: It filters and detoxifies harmful substances, such as drugs and alcohol, ensuring that only clean blood circulates throughout the body.
  3. Synthesis of Proteins: The liver produces important proteins, including blood clotting factors and albumin, which help maintain the body’s fluid balance.
  4. Storage: It stores essential vitamins, minerals, and glycogen, releasing them when needed to maintain a steady supply for the body.

II. Liver Diseases and the Need for Transplants:

Despite its resilience, the liver is susceptible to various diseases, including cirrhosis, hepatitis, and liver cancer. These conditions can progressively damage the liver, leading to a loss of function and, in severe cases, organ failure. When the liver’s ability to perform its vital functions is compromised, patients may face life-threatening consequences.

Liver transplants become a viable option for individuals with end-stage liver disease or acute liver failure, offering the potential for a healthier and more fulfilling life. Common reasons for liver transplantation include:

  1. Cirrhosis: Chronic liver diseases, such as alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and viral hepatitis, can lead to cirrhosis, a condition where healthy liver tissue is replaced by scar tissue.
  2. Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Liver cancer may necessitate a transplant when the tumor is confined to the liver and hasn’t spread beyond certain limits.
  3. Acute Liver Failure: Sudden and severe liver damage due to drug toxicity, viral infections, or other factors can result in acute liver failure, requiring immediate intervention.
  4. Wilson Disease: Wilson’s disease is a rare and inherited genetic disorder characterized by the body’s inability to effectively process copper. Wilson’s disease often manifests in late childhood or early adulthood, making early diagnosis and intervention crucial for effective management.

III. The Liver Transplant Process:

Liver transplantation is a complex medical procedure that involves the removal of a diseased liver and its replacement with a healthy donor liver. The process typically follows these key steps:

  1. Evaluation: Patients undergo a thorough evaluation to assess their overall health, the severity of their liver disease, and their suitability for a transplant.
  2. Waiting for a Match: Patients are placed on a waiting list for a suitable donor organ. The waiting time varies based on factors such as blood type, body size, and the severity of the patient’s condition.
  3. Transplant Surgery: Once a compatible donor liver becomes available, the transplant surgery takes place. The diseased liver is removed, and the healthy donor liver is implanted.
  4. Post-Transplant Care: After surgery, patients require close monitoring and ongoing care to prevent complications and ensure the success of the transplant. Lifelong immunosuppressive medications are typically prescribed to prevent the body from rejecting the new liver.

IV. Challenges and Advances in Liver Transplantation:

Liver transplantation faces challenges, including the shortage of donor organs and the risk of rejection. Efforts are ongoing to address these issues, such as expanding the donor pool through living donor transplants, improving organ preservation techniques, and advancing immunosuppressive therapies.

Advancements in medical research and technology continue to enhance the success rates and accessibility of liver transplants. Novel approaches, including machine perfusion and bioengineering, hold promise for expanding the availability of donor organs and improving outcomes for transplant recipients.

“From Desperation to Generosity: The Inspiring Journey of Jordan Clarke and the Unbreakable Bonds with the Ryan Family”

Jordan Clarke, from Bridgnorth, faced the challenges of Wilson’s disease, a rare recessive genetic disorder leading to liver disease. Diagnosed at the tender age of eight, his condition deteriorated to the point where he was placed on the urgent liver transplant list and was given a mere 24 hours to live. After enduring a decade of waiting, an emergency liver transplant became Jordan’s lifeline, and he spent two months recuperating at Birmingham Children’s Hospital.

The transplant proved to be successful, and Jordan, a thriving 18-year-old at the time, achieved academic excellence with straight As in his A-levels. His journey to study medicine at the University of Liverpool paid off as he graduated as a Paediatrician Doctor.

The donor who played a pivotal role in Jordan’s second chance at life was 11-year-old Ryan Barrett. Tragically, Ryan succumbed to an unexpected brain aneurysm, leaving his family in profound grief. Despite the heartache, Ryan’s parents made the courageous decision to donate their son’s organs, a choice that breathed life into Jordan’s desperate situation.

Thanks to the selflessness of Ryan and his family, Jordan not only survived but flourished into a healthy individual. Jordan’s connection with Ryan’s family deepened, providing them solace amid their ongoing grief. The two families forged a close bond, with Jordan describing his newfound relationship with them as having “donor sisters.” In this remarkable tale of resilience, generosity, and human connection, the intertwining of these two families demonstrates the profound impact of organ donation on the lives of those involved.


The liver is a resilient organ, but when faced with severe diseases, liver transplantation can provide a second chance at life. Understanding the importance of the liver’s functions, the challenges of liver diseases, and the transformative potential of transplants highlights the critical role this medical procedure plays in saving lives. As medical science continues to advance, the future of liver transplantation looks promising, offering hope to individuals in need of a new liver and a renewed opportunity for a healthy and fulfilling life.

Further Reading:

#liverdisease #livertransplant #organdonors #britishlivertrust #alcoholabuse #wilsonsdisease


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We are in the process of building our own directory of A-Z illnesses and disabilities. If you happen to land on this page we encourage you to visit the NHS website about the topic in our category.

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Sharing your expertise and experiences on this platform can have a profound impact in several ways:

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At the Disabled Entrepreneur – Disability UK Online Journal, we aim to cover a wide range of health topics and disability-related subjects. Our pages are open to contributions that span the A to Z of health and disability, including but not limited to:

  • Accessible Technology: Innovations in assistive devices and technology.
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Browse our categories to see what content we need.

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  1. Pitch Your Idea: Send us a brief pitch outlining your proposed topic to [email address]. Ensure that it aligns with our vision and mission.
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The Disabled Entrepreneur – Disability UK Online Journal is not just a publication; it’s a collective voice that celebrates the achievements and experiences of the disabled community. We believe in the power of collective knowledge, and we invite you to be a part of our mission. Your contribution can be a stepping stone for others and an invaluable resource for the world. Join us in filling our pages with content that resonates, educates, and inspires.

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