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Category: Skin Disorder

Understanding the Difference Between a Skin Tag and a Mole

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Recognizing Common Skin Growths: Skin Tags vs. Moles

Identifying the difference between a skin tag and a mole is crucial for proper skin health management. Skin tags and moles are common skin growths, but they have distinct characteristics that can help in their identification:

  1. Skin Tags:
    • Appearance: Small, soft, flesh-colored growths that hang off the skin. They are usually painless and can be moved around easily.
    • Location: Commonly found in areas where skin rubs against skin or clothing, such as the neck, armpits, groin, and under the breasts.
    • Cause: Often result from friction, skin rubbing, and hormonal changes.
  2. Moles:
    • Appearance: Can be flat or raised, and may vary in color from pink, brown, black, or blue. Moles are usually symmetrical with even borders.
    • Location: Can appear anywhere on the body.
    • Cause: Result from clusters of pigmented cells (melanocytes). Sun exposure and genetic factors can influence their development.

Characteristics of Concerning Skin Moles

Image of a Female Face and Collar Bone With Skin Tags and a Mole.
Image of a Female Face and Collar Bone With Skin Tags and a Mole. Image Credit: Bing Copilot AI.- Created by Designer Powered By DALL E:3

Recognizing the characteristics of concerning skin moles is essential for early detection of potential skin cancers, such as melanoma. While many moles are benign, certain features can indicate a need for closer examination by a healthcare professional. The ABCDE rule is a helpful guide in identifying suspicious moles:

The ABCDE Characteristics Warning Signs. Do Not Ignore!

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  1. Asymmetry: One half of the mole does not match the other half in shape, indicating irregularity.
  2. Border: The edges of the mole are ragged, notched, or blurred, rather than smooth and even.
  3. Color: The mole contains multiple colors or an uneven distribution of color, including shades of black, brown, tan, red, white, or blue.
  4. Diameter: The mole is larger than 6 millimeters (about the size of a pencil eraser), although some melanomas can be smaller.
  5. Evolving: The mole changes in size, shape, color, or elevation, or develops new symptoms such as bleeding, itching, or crusting.

Other warning signs include a mole that stands out as looking different from other moles on the body (known as the “ugly duckling” sign), or a mole that appears after the age of 30. If any of these characteristics are present, it is crucial to seek evaluation from a dermatologist, who can use tools like a dermatoscope to examine the mole more closely and determine whether further testing or removal is necessary. Early detection and treatment are vital for the best possible outcomes in managing skin cancer.

Skin Mole Risk Factors to Keep in Mind

  1. Genetics:
    • Family history of skin cancer or atypical moles.
  2. Skin Type:
    • Fair skin, light hair, and light eyes.
    • Skin that burns or freckles easily.
  3. Sun Exposure:
    • History of frequent sunburns, especially in childhood.
    • High cumulative exposure to UV radiation from the sun or tanning beds.
  4. Number of Moles:
    • Having a large number of moles (more than 50).
    • Presence of atypical or dysplastic moles.
  5. Age:
    • Older age increases the risk of skin cancer.
  6. Immune System:
    • Weakened immune system due to conditions such as HIV/AIDS or immunosuppressive medications.
  7. Skin Injuries:
    • Chronic irritation or trauma to a mole.
  8. Hormonal Changes:
    • Hormonal changes during puberty or pregnancy can affect moles.
  9. Personal History:
    • Previous history of skin cancer increases the risk of new melanomas.
  10. Geographic Location:
    • Living in areas with high UV radiation levels (closer to the equator or at high altitudes).
  11. Chemical Exposure:
    • Exposure to certain chemicals that may increase the risk of skin cancer.
  12. Gender:
    • Men have a higher risk of developing melanoma on the trunk, head, or neck, while women are more likely to develop it on the legs.

The Role of Dermatoscopes in Diagnosis

A definitive diagnosis cannot be made through a photograph or a phone consultation. A dermatoscope is an essential tool used by dermatologists to examine skin lesions closely. This instrument allows healthcare providers to observe the intricate details of the skin, such as color patterns and microstructures, which are not visible to the naked eye.

What is a Dematoscope

A dermatoscope is a specialized medical instrument used by dermatologists to examine skin lesions with greater clarity and detail than what is possible with the naked eye. It consists of a magnifying lens, a light source, and often a digital interface to capture and analyze images. The dermatoscope illuminates and magnifies the skin, allowing the observer to see structures and patterns beneath the surface, which are crucial for distinguishing between benign and malignant lesions. This tool is essential for accurate diagnosis and treatment planning, providing a more comprehensive assessment of moles, skin tags, and other skin abnormalities.

Concerns for Patients Treated with Alemtuzumab

Alemtuzumab, a medication used primarily in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and certain types of leukemia, has been associated with an increased risk of malignancies. Patients treated with alemtuzumab need to be monitored closely for any new or changing skin lesions, as they may be at a higher risk for developing skin cancer.

Importance of Qualified Healthcare Professionals

In the UK, there has been ongoing controversy regarding the qualification and training of nurses in diagnosing skin conditions. While nurses play a crucial role in the healthcare system, it is imperative that patients with potential skin malignancies are evaluated by a properly trained and qualified healthcare professional, such as a dermatologist. Failing to do so can lead to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment, increasing the risk of adverse outcomes.

Medical Negligence and Patient Advocacy

Medical negligence occurs when a healthcare provider fails to deliver the standard of care that a reasonably competent provider would have delivered under similar circumstances. If a patient feels that their concerns have been undermined or not taken seriously, particularly in cases where there is a risk of cancer, this can be a significant issue. Practices that do not thoroughly investigate and address patient concerns should be scrutinized and, if necessary, investigated for their practices.

Addressing Concerns and Seeking Proper Care

Patients should feel empowered to seek second opinions if they feel their concerns are not being adequately addressed. It is essential to advocate for one’s health, especially when dealing with potential malignancies. Trust in the healthcare system is built on thorough, compassionate, and competent care. Any deviations from this standard should be taken seriously and reported to relevant regulatory bodies to ensure patient safety and trust in the healthcare system.

Editorial Note: Concerns Over Patient Care at Cardiff GP Surgery

It has recently come to the editor’s attention that a general practitioner surgery in Cardiff UK dismissed a patient’s concerns with an undermining and condescending tone. The patient, who requires regular monitoring for skin abnormalities, reported that a nurse over the phone appeared oblivious to the seriousness of her condition. The patient had legitimate concerns, but the nurse made a diagnosis over the phone and only looked at an image, without referring the patient to a specialist. The nurse asserted that only she could decide whether to investigate further, giving the patient the choice of either coming in immediately or waiting until the nurse returned from holiday.

The editor strongly believes that a General Practitioner (GP) is more qualified to make such decisions and that it should not be left to a nurse to determine the need for specialist referral. This is not the first time this particular surgery has come onto the editor’s radar. The editor has begun to compile evidence on these incidents. It is particularly concerning that, amidst a broader scandal involving nurses, this particular nurse exhibited a complacent attitude.

In the patient’s defense, she could not come into the surgery for a physical examination today, as she had already made plans that could not be broken on such short notice.

The healthcare sector has a fundamental duty of care to work collaboratively with patients, ensuring their well-being and addressing their concerns with professionalism and empathy. This involves listening attentively to patient needs, providing accurate and timely diagnoses, and referring to specialists when necessary. Healthcare providers must strive to make the patient experience as stress-free as possible, avoiding unnecessary difficulties or dismissive attitudes that can exacerbate a patient’s anxiety and potentially compromise their health outcomes. A compassionate and patient-centered approach is essential for maintaining trust and delivering high-quality care.

Such practices raise significant issues regarding patient safety and professional competence and warrant thorough investigation.

Conclusion

Distinguishing between skin tags and moles is vital for managing skin health, especially for individuals with a higher risk of cancer due to treatments like alemtuzumab. Proper diagnosis requires the use of dermatoscopes and evaluation by qualified healthcare professionals. Patients must be heard and their concerns addressed with the seriousness they deserve. Medical practices that fail to do so should be investigated to uphold the standards of patient care and trust.

Healthcare workers who exhibit condescension and a lack of empathy towards patients must undergo retraining to improve their communication and patient care skills. When healthcare professionals dismiss or undermine a patient’s concerns, especially regarding potential skin cancers, the consequences can be dire. If a patient’s mole, initially dismissed, later turns out to be cancerous, the healthcare provider could face serious legal repercussions, including lawsuits for medical negligence. Ensuring that healthcare workers listen attentively, validate patient concerns, and take appropriate actions is not only essential for patient safety and trust but also for protecting medical practices from legal liabilities. This underscores the importance of continuous professional development and empathy training in healthcare settings.


Further Reading:


Skin Picking Disorder

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Understanding Dermatillomania: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Dermatillomania, also known as excoriation disorder or skin-picking disorder, is a mental health condition characterized by the repetitive and compulsive picking of one’s own skin. This behavior can lead to significant distress, impairment in daily functioning, and visible damage to the skin. Although often misunderstood or overlooked, dermatillomania is a serious condition that requires awareness and appropriate treatment.

What is Dermatillomania?

Dermatillomania falls under the category of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Individuals with this disorder frequently pick at their skin, often targeting perceived imperfections such as pimples, scabs, or dry patches. This behavior can result in a range of physical consequences, including scarring, infections, and chronic wounds.

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of dermatillomania is not fully understood, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic, psychological, and environmental factors.

  1. Genetics: There is evidence to suggest a hereditary component, as skin-picking disorder often runs in families.
  2. Psychological Factors: Many individuals with dermatillomania also experience other mental health conditions, such as anxiety, depression, or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Skin picking may serve as a coping mechanism to manage stress or negative emotions.
  3. Neurological Factors: Some researchers believe that abnormalities in brain structure and function, particularly in areas related to impulse control and emotion regulation, may contribute to the development of dermatillomania.
  4. Environmental Factors: Traumatic events, high stress levels, or significant life changes can trigger or exacerbate skin-picking behaviors.

Symptoms

The primary symptom of dermatillomania is recurrent skin picking that results in skin lesions.

Other symptoms include:

  • Spending a significant amount of time picking skin, often several hours a day.
  • Difficulty controlling or stopping the behavior despite repeated attempts.
  • Using tools such as tweezers, needles, or fingernails to pick at the skin.
  • Feelings of shame, guilt, or embarrassment about the behavior and its physical consequences.
  • Avoiding social situations or activities due to the appearance of the skin.

Diagnosis

Diagnosing dermatillomania involves a comprehensive assessment by a mental health professional. The diagnostic criteria include:

  • Recurrent skin picking resulting in skin lesions.
  • Repeated attempts to decrease or stop the behavior.
  • The behavior causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
  • The skin picking is not attributable to the physiological effects of a substance (e.g., cocaine) or another medical condition (e.g., scabies).
  • The skin picking is not better explained by symptoms of another mental disorder (e.g., delusions or tactile hallucinations in a psychotic disorder).

Treatment

Effective treatment for dermatillomania typically involves a combination of therapy, medication, and self-care strategies.

  1. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT, particularly a specific type called Habit Reversal Training (HRT), is considered the most effective therapeutic approach. HRT helps individuals become aware of their skin-picking behaviors and develop healthier coping strategies.
  2. Medications: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), commonly used to treat OCD and depression, can help reduce the urge to pick and manage co-occurring anxiety or depression.
  3. Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques: Practices such as mindfulness meditation, yoga, and deep breathing exercises can help reduce stress and increase awareness of triggers for skin picking.
  4. Support Groups: Joining a support group, either in-person or online, can provide a sense of community and shared understanding, reducing feelings of isolation.

Coping Strategies

In addition to professional treatment, individuals with dermatillomania can benefit from various self-help strategies:

  • Keeping Hands Busy: Engaging in activities that occupy the hands, such as knitting or using stress balls, can help reduce the urge to pick.
  • Skin Care Routine: Maintaining a gentle and consistent skin care routine can improve skin health and reduce the temptation to pick at perceived imperfections.
  • Setting Goals: Setting small, achievable goals to gradually reduce skin-picking behaviors can provide a sense of accomplishment and motivation.

Conclusion

Dermatillomania is a challenging and often misunderstood disorder that can have significant physical and emotional consequences. Increased awareness, understanding, and compassion are crucial in supporting those affected by this condition. With appropriate treatment and support, individuals with dermatillomania can learn to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. If you or someone you know is struggling with skin-picking behaviors, seeking help from a mental health professional is an important first step toward recovery.

Tallulah Willis, Bruce Willis’ 30-year-old daughter, recently shared an update on her health disorder through revealing photos on Instagram. In collaboration with the Picking Me Foundation NFP, she bravely documented her personal experience with compulsive skin picking, also known as dermatillomania or excoriation disorder. Tallulah’s candid post aims to raise awareness and reduce the stigma associated with the condition, highlighting the physical and emotional challenges faced by those affected. Her openness not only brings attention to the disorder but also provides support and encouragement to others struggling with similar issues.


Further Reading


Eligibility for PIP – Autoimmune Disease

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Eligibility for PIP (Personal Independence Payment) – Autoimmune Disease

Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a benefit in the United Kingdom designed to provide financial support to individuals aged 16 to 64 with long-term health conditions or disabilities, helping them with the extra costs they may face. Autoimmune diseases are a group of disorders where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues, leading to a range of symptoms that can significantly impact daily life. Understanding the eligibility criteria for PIP and recognizing the symptoms associated with autoimmune diseases is crucial for individuals seeking support.

Eligibility for PIP: To qualify for PIP, individuals must be aged 16 to 64 and have a health condition or disability that causes difficulties with daily living activities or getting around, which are assessed through a points-based system. The severity of the condition and its impact on daily life are evaluated during the assessment process. For autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, or Crohn’s disease, meeting the eligibility criteria depends on the extent of functional impairment caused by the symptoms.

Symptoms of Autoimmune Diseases: Autoimmune diseases can affect various organs and systems in the body, leading to a wide range of symptoms. Here are some common symptoms associated with autoimmune diseases that may prevent individuals from functioning properly:

  1. Fatigue: Persistent and overwhelming fatigue is a common symptom of autoimmune diseases, making it difficult for individuals to carry out daily activities.
  2. Pain and Joint Stiffness: Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling are hallmark symptoms of autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, impairing mobility and dexterity.
  3. Muscle Weakness: Muscle weakness and fatigue can occur in autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), affecting mobility and coordination.
  4. Cognitive Impairment: Some autoimmune diseases, like lupus and multiple sclerosis, can cause cognitive dysfunction, including memory problems, difficulty concentrating, and brain fog, impacting daily tasks and work performance.
  5. Gastrointestinal Symptoms: Conditions like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and other gastrointestinal symptoms, affecting nutrition, energy levels, and overall well-being.
  6. Sensory Disturbances: Autoimmune disorders may lead to sensory disturbances such as numbness, tingling, or pain, affecting sensation and coordination, particularly in the extremities.
  7. Skin Problems: Skin manifestations like rashes, lesions, and ulcers are common in autoimmune diseases like lupus and dermatomyositis, causing discomfort and affecting self-esteem.
  8. Mood Disorders: Chronic illness and persistent symptoms can contribute to mood disorders such as depression and anxiety, impacting motivation, social interactions, and overall quality of life.
  9. Vision Problems: Some autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis and autoimmune optic neuritis, can cause vision disturbances or loss, affecting independence and mobility.
  10. Respiratory Symptoms: Conditions like sarcoidosis and autoimmune pulmonary fibrosis can cause respiratory symptoms such as shortness of breath and coughing, limiting physical activity and exertion.

“Autoimmune Disorders and Workplace Limitations: Health, Safety, and Employers’ Perspectives”

Autoimmune disorders can significantly impact an individual’s ability to work, posing challenges related to health, safety, and employer liability. Understanding the limitations faced by individuals with autoimmune diseases in the workplace is crucial for ensuring their well-being and addressing the concerns of employers.

Work Limitations Due to Autoimmune Disorders:

  1. Physical Exertion: Individuals with autoimmune diseases may struggle with physical tasks that require strength or endurance, such as lifting heavy objects or standing for long periods.
  2. Manual Dexterity: Reduced hand mobility and joint pain can affect tasks that require fine motor skills, such as typing, writing, or operating machinery.
  3. Cognitive Function: Brain fog, memory issues, and difficulty concentrating may impair productivity and decision-making abilities in the workplace.
  4. Mobility: Joint stiffness, muscle weakness, or balance problems can make it challenging to move around the workplace or navigate stairs and uneven surfaces.
  5. Fatigue Management: Chronic fatigue and energy fluctuations may require frequent breaks or accommodations for rest periods during the workday.
  6. Sensory Sensitivities: Sensory disturbances, such as sensitivity to light, sound, or temperature, may necessitate adjustments to the work environment for comfort and focus.
  7. Emotional Well-being: Mood swings, anxiety, or depression related to the autoimmune disease may impact interpersonal relationships and overall job satisfaction.
  8. Medication Management: Adherence to medication schedules and potential side effects may require flexibility in work hours or access to medical resources.
  9. Attendance and Absences: Flare-ups of symptoms or medical appointments may result in unpredictable absences from work, requiring understanding and flexibility from employers.
  10. Exposure Risks: Certain workplaces, such as those with exposure to chemicals, allergens, or infectious agents, can pose heightened risks for individuals with compromised immune systems.
  11. Physical Stressors: Repetitive tasks, heavy lifting, or prolonged standing may exacerbate symptoms and increase the risk of injury for individuals with autoimmune disorders.
  12. Mental Stressors: High-pressure work environments or job demands may trigger or worsen symptoms of autoimmune diseases, necessitating accommodations for stress management.
  13. Communication Challenges: Speech difficulties, vocal fatigue, or social anxiety may affect communication skills and teamwork in the workplace.
  14. Time Management: Organizational difficulties or cognitive impairments may lead to challenges in prioritizing tasks and meeting deadlines effectively.
  15. Environmental Adaptations: Temperature sensitivity or intolerance to certain materials may require modifications to the workspace for comfort and safety.
  16. Risk of Infection: Reduced immunity in individuals with autoimmune diseases may heighten susceptibility to infections, necessitating precautions in shared workspaces.
  17. Personal Care Needs: Assistance with activities of daily living, such as grooming, toileting, or dressing, may be required, particularly during flare-ups or periods of increased symptoms.
  18. Transportation Assistance: Difficulty driving or reliance on public transportation due to physical limitations may impact punctuality and attendance at work.
  19. Meal Preparation: Dietary restrictions, fatigue, or gastrointestinal symptoms may affect the ability to prepare meals independently, requiring support from a caregiver.
  20. Emergency Preparedness: Awareness of emergency procedures and communication of health concerns to coworkers or supervisors is essential for ensuring prompt assistance during medical emergencies.

Conclusion

Employers play a vital role in supporting individuals with autoimmune disorders in the workplace by implementing accommodations, fostering a supportive environment, and addressing health and safety concerns. Recognizing the diverse challenges faced by employees with autoimmune diseases can facilitate collaboration in finding effective solutions to ensure their well-being and productivity while minimizing risks and liabilities for both employers and employees.

Navigating the eligibility process for PIP with an autoimmune disease requires understanding the impact of the condition on daily functioning and providing comprehensive documentation of symptoms and limitations. Awareness of the diverse range of symptoms associated with autoimmune diseases is essential for individuals seeking support, ensuring they receive the assistance they need to manage their condition and maintain their independence.


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It is vital to have platforms that champion inclusivity and diversity, bringing stories and experiences from all walks of life to the forefront. The Disabled Entrepreneur – Disability UK Online Journal is one such platform dedicated to representing the experiences, insights, and accomplishments of disabled individuals. However, like an empty canvas waiting for an artist’s brush, our pages are currently awaiting content. We’re excited to invite guest writers to share their knowledge and perspectives on all health topics, from A to Z. If you have landed on this page that means the category needs content.

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Why Your Contribution Matters

Sharing your expertise and experiences on this platform can have a profound impact in several ways:

  1. Inspiration and Representation: Your stories and knowledge can inspire others in the disabled community. Representation matters, and your contribution can pave the way for others to follow in your footsteps.
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At the Disabled Entrepreneur – Disability UK Online Journal, we aim to cover a wide range of health topics and disability-related subjects. Our pages are open to contributions that span the A to Z of health and disability, including but not limited to:

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Conclusion

The Disabled Entrepreneur – Disability UK Online Journal is not just a publication; it’s a collective voice that celebrates the achievements and experiences of the disabled community. We believe in the power of collective knowledge, and we invite you to be a part of our mission. Your contribution can be a stepping stone for others and an invaluable resource for the world. Join us in filling our pages with content that resonates, educates, and inspires.

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Under Breasts Boob Rash

Under Breasts Boob Rash

A breast rash is usually an inflammation of the skin caused by irritation. The symptoms are redness and itchiness that usually occurs on the skin under the breasts. Breast rash may occur as a result of wearing tight clothing that is made from man-made material, or a bra that doesn’t fit well. It can also be because of heat and excessive sweating due to climate change or exercise and obesity.

Rashes may present themselves under the skin fold under the breast as well as other parts of the body such as cesarean apron flaps and may come in the form of scaling of the skin under the breasts, blisters, itchiness, and red patches.

Thankfully, there are many things you can do to soothe the itchiness and get rid of the rash.

Breast Anatomy

What causes rashes under the breast

Having a boob rash not only is uncomfortable it can also be embarrassing, knowing the causes, preventions, and treatments can eliminate the rash. Identifying the cause is the ultimate factor. It could be an allergy to detergent or the fiber of your garment, it could also be from excessive sweating.

Developing a rash under your breasts can be caused for a variety of reasons. The causes behind these rashes can range from natural skin responses to more serious disorders.

Causes generally fall into five categories:

  • allergies
  • infections
  • sweating
  • autoimmune disorders
  • cancer

Below we detail the main causes of rashes under the breasts, treatment options, and how to prevent the rashes from occurring.

  • food allergy
  • medications
  • insect bites
  • detergents
  • garment fiber
  • pollen
  • plants
  • pets

Infections

Wearing tight clingy clothing and environmental factors can cause women and men to sweat under their boobs, yes men also have man boobs if they are on the obese side. The warmth of our bodies can cause moisture on our skin under the breasts which is an ideal breeding ground for bacterial, fungal, and yeast infections.

Candidiasis

The moisture then acts like a petri dish for bacteria. This type of bacteria is known as candidiasis which results from the same yeasts, or fungi. A common cause of this bacteria can also be found in vaginal yeast infections, oral thrush infections, and diaper rash. Babies and adults alike can get infected. People suffering from autoimmune disorders and on medications such as antibiotics are more susceptible to infection.

The bacteria Candida thrives in moist, warm environments of skin folds, such as under the breasts or caesarian belly folds. This type of rash often develops into itchiness with uncomfortable blisters and small cracks.

In order to relieve the discomfort one should refrain from wearing tight clothes which are man-made. It is best to wear cotton and keep the area clean and dry. Try not to rub or scratch to alleviate the itchiness. It may be worth buying some cream over the counter such as Sudocrem. If this does not work after a few days you should reach out to a medical professional to get prescribed antifungal creams or oral drugs that treat candidiasis.

Recognizing what rash you have & Causes

Most breast rashes have the same causes as rashes occurring elsewhere on the body. Some rashes occur only on the breast.

Causes of rash that occur only on the breast may include:

  1. Breast abscess
  2. Inflammatory breast cancer
  3. Mammary duct ectasia
  4. Mastitis (an infection in breast tissue that most commonly affects women who are breast-feeding)
  5. Nipple dermatitis
  6. Paget’s disease of the breast

General causes of rash that can affect any part of the body, including the breast, include:

  1. Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
  2. Candidiasis (especially under the breasts)
  3. Cellulitis (a skin infection)
  4. Dermatitis
  5. Eczema
  6. Hives and angioedema
  7. Psoriasis
  8. Scabies
  9. Seborrheic dermatitis
  10. Shingles
  11. Ringworm
  12. Autoimmune Disorders
  13. Pemphigus Vulgaris 
  14. Hyperhidrosis
  15. Hailey-Hailey disease
  16. Cancer
  17. Heat Rash
  18. Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Ringworm

Contrary to belief ringworm has nothing to do with worms. Ringworm is a fungal infection called tinea.

These fungi cause ringworm and related skin conditions, such as athlete’s foot and jock itch.

The fungi are parasites that feed on dead keratin. Our skin, hair, and nails are made of keratin.

Ringworm has a distinctive appearance which has red patches of skin with a distinctive red ring.

Fungi cannot be seen with the naked eye they are microscopic, single-cell organisms that are present in the air, soil, water, animals, and the human body.

These types of skin conditions are highly contagious and can be spread through sharing towels, sheets, and showers.

People with athlete’s foot should not walk barefoot where other members of the household may walk on. It is also best to wear flip-flops in the shower to prevent germ cross-contamination.

Surprisingly you can even get it from your pets.

Autoimmune disorders

Autoimmune disorders such as Multiple Sclerosis can display symptoms of a rash, especially after treatment. Sometimes it could look like hives but in order cases, it can be a rash under the breast. Autoimmune disorders are chronic conditions that you cannot cure, but you can treat the symptoms.

Eczema

Eczema is a skin disorder that resembles patches of inflamed skin that is extremely itchy. Eczema is caused by irritating the inflammation which then develops small, fluid-filled bumps that ooze plasma and crust over.

Usually, steroids can sort out the problem. Leaving it untreated could lead to infection. Ezema can be found anywhere on your body, although it is the most common areas are:

  • face
  • hands
  • feet
  • behind the knees
  • the inner surface of the elbow

Eczema symptoms may be made worse by:

  • harsh soaps and detergents
  • wool
  • sweat
  • stress

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic disease of the immune system. Psoriasis can be recognized as smooth, discolored patches of skin in the folds of the body usually found under the breasts, armpits, and groin area. Unlike other types of psoriasis, inverse psoriasis does not have flaky skin.

Steroid creams and gels are usually prescribed for more mild cases of treatment for inverse psoriasis, however, for more severe cases the immune system may need to be suppressed.

Pemphigus Vulgaris

Pemphigus Vulgaris is an autoimmune skin disease that leads to blistering of the skin. Usually, older adults mainly are susceptible, and can appear anywhere on the skin.

Pemphigus Vulgaris can result in irritated patches and occur on the breast on the skin.

The exact cause of the condition is unknown, and treatment will typically be topical steroid corticosteroid creams and other immuno-suppressive drugs to lessen symptoms and avoid remission.

Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis is caused by overactive sweat glands producing more sweat than is needed to cool the body. A person has 2-4 million sweat glands and sweats up to a quart of fluid per day. Perspiration is a breeding ground for germs that cause infections. The cause of hyperhidrosis is unknown, but it tends to run in families.

To prevent sweating, we usually use antiperspirants under the breasts, which is not recommended as there are specific body antiperspirants made for this purpose, and some are even available in powder form. An alternative is to use a hyper-sensitive medicated talcum powder. If this does not do the job, your doctor may prescribe a more powerful antiperspirant.

Botox injections and the removal of sweat glands via laser or traditional surgery are options for severe cases.

Hailey-Hailey disease

Hailey-Hailey disease is a rare inherited disorder that results in a persistent, blistering rash.

This can occur under the breasts, or in other areas such as:

  • the neck
  • between the buttocks
  • in the armpits and groin

The rash tends to come and go spontaneously. Over time, the skin can become tough and dry and may develop painful cracks.

Normally steroid corticosteroid ointments and antibiotics are prescribed for treatment. Doctors may also recommend oral corticosteroids, photodynamic light therapy, or laser therapy in more severe cases.

If you are diagnosed with Hailey-Hailey disease, your doctor will advise you to avoid situations that make you sweat, such as not wearing tight clothing that is man-made and doesn’t permit air circulation, especially exerting in hot weather.

Cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare form of rapidly spreading cancer. Symptoms include:

  • breast skin discoloration
  • pitted skin
  • pimple-like rash
  • an inverted nipple that points inward rather than outward

This type of breast cancer is rare, however, it’s important to get yourself checked out by your doctor as quickly as possible if you have these symptoms.

A combination of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy is the standard treatment for inflammatory breast cancer.

Heat Rash

When we get hot we sweat and sometimes may develop a heat rash. A heat rash occurs when your sweat glands start overacting and may become blocked, this causes sweat pools under your skin, causing inflammation and a rash.

Wearing cotton-type clothing which is not tight and is able to cool off is an ideal remedy. Heat rash mainly happens when you sweat more profusely than normal because of climate and exercise including heat and humidity. Heat rash usually clears up without treatment.

Hidradenitis Suppuritiva

Blocked follicles are the primary cause of Hidradenitis Suppurativa which is a chronic skin condition that causes lesions and inflammation in the sweat glands.

Hidradenitis Suppuritiva can occur under the breasts and in other skin folds such as the armpits, groin, and anal regions. Mild cases can be treated with home remedies such as cold compresses and good hygiene practices.

When to see your doctor

There is never a bad time to contact your doctor when it comes to your health. If you notice unusual rashes and growths that do not go away on their own, you should get them checked out as quickly as possible. In fact, it is better to see a medical professional straight away rather than trying out home therapies. Never prolong treatment. A doctor can advise you on home therapy. The causes of rashes under the breast vary greatly in severity. Contact your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms alongside rashes:

  • You develop a fever, nausea, or vomiting.
  • The rash is extremely painful.
  • You see no improvement after using self-help measures for several days.
  • The rash has open sores that don’t heal.
  • You have symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer.

You should also see a doctor if, in addition to a rash, you have a chronic disease or compromised immune system.

Prevention

Preventing rashes from forming under your breasts can be done by wearing loose clothing that is not man-made and taking care of your personal hygiene, as well as wearing highly nonsensitive scented products.

Maintaining thorough personal hygiene may help reduce the risk of fungal infection. Making sure the skin under your breasts is clean and dry can help prevent yeast-based rashes. Regular washing with hypoallergenic products and not sharing towels or clothes may also help prevent symptoms such as ringworm.

You can also reduce the risk of allergic reactions by avoiding your known irritants and prevent heat rash by wearing loose-fitting clothes and staying cool in the heat.

When rashes under the breasts result from autoimmune diseases or cancer, treating the underlying condition is the best course of treatment and prevention.

How to Get Rid of a Rash Under Breasts

How is a rash under the breast treated?

A rash under the breast is rarely anything to worry about, in most cases, it is more of an annoyance that causes discomfort than anything else. However, identifying the underlying cause of the rash and treating will help to heal rashes heal within a short space of time.

Most treatments will involve keeping the affected area clean, dry, and free from irritants. Depending on the underlying causes of your rash, doctors may recommend anti-inflammatory or steroid creams, oral antibiotics, and other treatments.

Tips for relief

Tips to help treat symptoms of a rash.

  • If possible try to avoid wearing a bra as much as possible until the rash clears up.
  • When wearing a bra, make sure it is not made of man-made material and opt for a cotton material that does not have underwires or lace and fits without binding.
  • Stick a bra liner or mini panty liner pad to absorb moisture under the breasts.
  • Try putting paper tissue paper under the fold of the skin.
  • Opt to wear loose-fitting clothes made of fabrics that are not manmade that breathe, such as cotton and linen.
  • Avoid scented soaps, lotions, and moisturizers.
  • Soothe the area with a cool compress.
  • Apply calamine lotion can help reduce itching.
  • Hypoallergenic talcum powders can help soothe and prevent rashes from developing.
  • Avoid talcum powders that have corn starch as they can in fact worsen some rashes, especially if a yeast infection causes them.

Citation Credits: Rash Under Breast (Interigo): Causes, Treatment, and More (healthline.com)

Breast rash Causes – Mayo Clinic

Treatment – Treating a Rash At Home -Method 1

  • Consider applying a cold compress to the area to soothe the irritation. You can use cotton pads pre-soaked with cold water, this can help reduce inflammation and lead to an improvement in symptoms.
  • Try aloe vera gel
  • Consider applying cucumber slices to the affected area.
  • Alternatively, wrap the ice in a cotton towel or plastic bag. You could also use a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel. Keep in mind ice packs should not be applied directly to the skin. Apply the ice pack for 10 minutes at a time. Then, take a break and repeat as symptoms persist.
  • A face flannel cold compress is another option.
  • Never have hot baths or showers, try to have your baths as cool as possible.
  • Basil is an herb known for its homeopathic botanical properties that may help soothe skin. Crush fresh basil until they form a paste-like substance. You can add it to ice cubes or apply the paste directly onto your rash and let it dry. You should then the paste off with warm water and pat the area dry. Use this method once a day.
  • Alternative therapy such as homeopathic medicine does not work for everyone. If you notice this worsens your rash, do not repeat this method.
  • Consider if you have allergic reactions to home remedies before applying them to your skin.
  • Sometimes applying calamine lotion, aloe vera, or a fragrance-free moisturizer to the rash to the irritation can help to soothe the irritation. . Certain creams and moisturizers might help alleviate inflammation.
  • Calamine lotion known for soothing sunburn and chickenpox can prevent itching and irritation, mainly if the rash was caused by something like poison oak, ivy, or nettle stings. Use twice a day and apply with a cotton ball.
  • Aloe vera gel is a gel that has natural antifungal and antibacterial properties that can help a rash heal. Apply aloe vera gel to the affected area. You do not need to wipe it off but you should let it sit for about 20 minutes before getting dressed. Repeat as needed.
  • Fragrance-free moisturizers can be bought through most local drugstores or supermarkets. Make sure the moisturizer is unscented. Certain oils and perfumes used in scented lotions can make irritation worse. Try to go for brands that specifically focus on sensitive skin such as ‘clinique’ which is internationally renowned, although there are many other hypoallergenic brands on the market, you can also find good quality low-priced moisturizers from your local chemist, just ask your pharmacist.
  • Tea tree oil soothes skin rashes. Tea tree oil has antimicrobial properties, it should never be applied directly to the skin which could make problems worse. Always dilute tea tree oil in olive oil before use. Mix four tablespoons of olive oil with six drops of tea tree oil. Dip a cotton ball in the mixture and dab it gently on the affected area. Massage the affected area lightly for a few minutes to work the oil into your skin. For best results, do this after taking a bath or shower and again before going to bed. Some people may have sensitivities to tea tree oil. If you’ve never used it before, test it on a small area, like the inner part of your arm, to make sure it doesn’t irritate your skin. If you notice any irritation, or if your symptoms get worse in response to tea tree oil, cease use immediately.

Method 2Seeking Medical Care

  • When should you see a doctor? Most rashes under your breast are benign and caused by common skin conditions that will go away naturally without medical treatment. Breast rashes can occasionally be a symptom of more serious medical conditions, such as shingles, ringworm, or cancer.
  • Should your rash not respond to at-home treatment after a week or two, you should see a doctor. You should also see a doctor if your rash is accompanied by symptoms like fever, severe pain, sores that won’t heal, and worsening of symptoms.
  • Make an appointment with your local doctor to have the rash evaluated. Let them know if you’re experiencing any other symptoms in addition to the rash. Your doctor will probably want to examine the rash. If the rash is benign and you don’t have other symptoms, your doctor will be able to make a diagnosis without any further examination. However, for something more serious a skin scraping test sample may be ordered to check for a fungal infection. The doctor may also use a special lamp, known as a Wood’s lamp, to examine the skin further. In rare cases, a skin biopsy may be needed.
  • Try medications. If the rash is caused by an infection or does not clear up on its own, your doctor may recommend prescribed medicine. There are a variety of prescription meds used to treat skin rashes such as antibiotics or antifungal creams which you apply to the skin as directed by your doctor, as well as low-dose steroid hydrocortisone creams.

Method 3Making Lifestyle Changes

  • Always keep the underside of your breasts clean and dry. Moisture under the breasts can lead to skin infections and rashes.
  • When doing exercises such as running or going to the gym, pad the area with soft tissue or panty liners. Clean and dry the skin under your breast after workouts.
  • Consider using medicated talcum powder to keep the area dry.
  • Be aware of potential irritants, such as detergent, scented fabric softeners, and non-sensitive scented toiletries. It’s possible a certain product you’re using may be contributing to a skin rash.
  • Always do a patch test on the crease of your elbow when trying new products for the first time, this could include new soaps, shampoos, lotions, or fabric detergents.
  • Wear comfortable loose-fitting clothing and a bra that fits well. A bra that’s too big or too small could contribute to skin irritation that causes rashes on the breast. Wear cotton bras that use high-grade elastic materials. Avoid synthetic fabrics, as these can irritate the skin. It is worth going to a shop that measures bust sizes if you are unsure of your bra size and ask for a fitting.
  • Try wearing bras that do not have underwires if possible, or make sure they aren’t poking or irritating your skin. Wear fabrics such as cotton, linen, or silk, and avoid wool as that could be abrasive to the skin. Cotton fabrics can help reduce moisture under the breasts.

Final Thoughts From the Assistant Editor

Under Breast Boob Rash. Check your breasts often. If you spot an abnormality, rash, or growth no matter how small or a rash that won’t go away, it’s best to seek medical advice from your doctor or health professional. Get it checked out as soon as possible. It may be nothing, but it is worth having peace of mind.

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